The ancient name of Tinsukia was Bangmara which was originally known as Changmai Pathar. It was the capital of Muttack Kingdom. The Bangmara city was built by King Sarbananda Singha with the help of his Minister Gopinath Barbaruah alies Godha. The city was built in the middle of the present Tinsukia City (near the Senairam H.S. School). As per the direction of Sarbananda Singha, Godha Baruah dug a triangular shaped pond in Bangmara which is known as "Tinikunia Pukhuri". In 1884 Dibru-Sadiya Rail line was constructed and a station was setup near the "Tinikunia Phukhuri" which was named as Tinsukia. Since then the City was popularly known as Tinsukia.
Places to visits:
Na-Pukhuri Park or the cluster of nine ponds is situated at the South-Eastern corner of Tinsukia Town. A great historical monument of the Muttock Kingdom ( 1788 - 1842 ), it was constructed during the reign of the last Muttock King Sarbananda Singha ( 1788 - 1805 ). It was during his times that many other beautiful tanks and ponds in and around his capital city Bengmara (now Tinsukia) were created.
The Central pond among the cluster of ponds is the main attraction of the Na-Pukhuri. It is such vast tank with natural water (area: 11.75 acres) that it can be very conveniently be called a lake. It is thought that , at least, with some improvisation, it can be made into a beautiful lake and the surrounding area can be turned into an amusement spot for all age group of people. For long , the beautiful landscape around the central pond or tank ( total are 23.80 acres) was lying in a very pitiable state.
Bells Temple : This temple of Lord Shiva, symbolised by a huge Banyan (pipal) tree, is at a distance of 17 Km from Tinsukia. It is belived that one may get his/her wishes fulfilled by offering a bell to this temple. Belivers hang the bells to the branches of the pipal tree and this is how the temple got its unique name.
The Railway Heritage Park cum Museum at Tinsukia has been set up at the confluence of two historic Railway systems of North eastern India. Namely the Dibru Sadiya Railway (DSR) and the Assam Bengal Railway (ABR), which were linked at Tinsukia City on 1st March 1903. The Museum has adopted DSR & ABR as its prime themes. in addition, it also contains a small gallery dedicated to Daijeeling Himalayan Railway (DHR), which is a World Heritage site declared by UNESCO. Designed in the form of a Park, the Museum showcases the rich heritage of Indian Railways in general and that of Northeast Frontier Railway in particular. Among its special features are the Air Conditioned Indoor Exhibition Gallery modeled after the Historic Lekhapani Station of Dibru Sadiya Railway, Virasat – the Heritage hall, which houses vintage Steam & Diesel Locos of Meter gauge era, and an Air Conditioned Seminar Hall on Wheels. An original Loco turntable of 1892, built in U.K. and bridge Pillars built between 1894 & 1898 stand proudly in the Museum today and remind us of the untiring dedication of Railway Pioneers of the 19th Century. The Children’s Park, a Toy Train For joy rides along with a Mini Station, coupled with gardens and fountains promise a unique experience to young & old alike to enjoy and simultaneously learn about the great legacy of the Indian Railway System.
Dibru-Saikhowa National Park has the most distinct and vibrant wilderness on earth and is known for its pristine scenic beauty. The forest in this park ranges from semi-evergreen to deciduous to littoral to swampy marshes with patches of wet evergreen jungles Dibru-Saikhowa is a safe haven to many rare and endangered species of over 350 birds and is a must visit site for target-list birders. The big four here are Jerdon's Bushchat, Black-breasted Parrotbill, Marsh babbler and Jerdon’s bushchat. Several other rarely observed species can be found in the extensive grasslands, wetlands, and riverine forests. These include Baer's Pochard, Bengal Florican, Pale-capped Pigeon, Falcated duck, Baikal teal, Chinese spotbilled duck and Rufous vented prinia etc. Dibru-Saikhowa is a haven for an incredible no of Waders ,Ducks , Raptors and its specialty grassland birds.
Barekuri - An Assamese village situated next to famous Dibru Saikhowa National Park, at a distance of about 10 kms from Guijan . The village is famous for the presence of a few number of Hollock Gibbons, an endangered ape species found in India . Here the Hollock gibbon have been protected and cared for since long by the villagers on account of their age old religious beliefs. Every day the villagers use to feed them and they always stay in and around the village. The people of the village never cut the tall trees , because the gibbons live on them , and they belief that it’s a bad sign if anybody sees a gibbon walking on the ground.