Manipur literally meaning "A jeweled land" is nestled in a lush green corner of North East India. This little corner is a paradise on Earth where Mother Nature has been extra generous in her bounty. An oval shaped valley surrounded by blue green hills, rich in art and tradition has inspired description such as the "Switzerland of the East" with its cascading rapids, tripling rivers, varieties of flowers, exotic blooms and lakes. It is bounded by Nagaland to the north,Mizoram to the south, and Assam to the west; Burma lies to its east. The state covers an area of 22,327 square kilometres (8,621 sq mi). Its people include the Meetei, Kuki, Naga, Pangal, Gorkhali and Bishnupriya Manipuri, who speak different types ofTibeto-Burman languages.. The recorded history of the state dates back to 33 AD, when Pakhangba, and Indian adventurer, founded a dynasty which ruled uninterrupted till 1891. It came under the reign of the British after the defeat of the princely state in the Anglo-Manipuri War of 1891. It was later merged with the Indian Union on 15th October 1949. Manipur attained statehood on 21st January 1972.