Meghalaya 21st state of the Indian union was declared a full-fledged State on 21st January, 1972. It is situated in the north-eastern region of India, between the Brahmaputra valley in the north and Bangladesh in the south. The name itself means "the abode of clouds" in Sanskrit. Mawsynrum and Sohra (Cherrapunjee) justified the significance of the name of Meghalaya (Megh means cloud and Alay means abode or dwelling place). Once it was the wettest place on the earth. Meghalaya with an area of approximately 22,430 square kilometres is the homeland two major ethnic groups, the Hynniewtrep (Khasis and Jaintias) and the Achiks (Garos). English is the official language of Meghalaya. The other principal languages spoken include Khasi, Pnar and Garo.